Do Cats Get Periods? The Cat Heat Cycle

Do Cats Get Periods? The Cat Heat Cycle

Apr 5, 2024

Do Cats Get Periods?
Do Cats Get Periods?

Cats are fascinating creatures adored by many due to their adorable grace and contrasting personalities. When it comes to their looks, many are awed by their charm and understand their beauty. But when it comes to their reproductive health, most owners are often left puzzled. One of the most sought-after answers is to the question “Do cats get periods?”

What Is The Cat Heat Cycle

Similar to several female mammals, cats do get their periods. But this is significantly different from humans as cats do not bleed. Cats undergo their own unique heat cycle that starts once they reach puberty. A cat’s period or heat cycles typically last for several days to two weeks, but this can take longer. Just like with all the different female reproductive cycles, cats also have their own four stages. These are the phases:

1. Anestrus

This is the phase wherein the cat is still in its inactive stage for about 2 to 3 months. Cats in the anestrus phase have no desire to perform acts of sexual activity with other cats. In other words, the cats are not in heat in this phase and are in their dormant period. 

2. Proestrus

This is the next stage of the cat’s period or heat cycle. In this stage, the cats exhibit increased energy, restlessness, and affection. The proestrous phase typically lasts for 1-2 days and is typically where they start to get increased levels of estrogen. But cats at this stage don’t usually respond to mating advances yet. 

3. Estrus

This is the most obvious phase of a cat’s period. This is the phase where the cat is actually in “heat” which lasts for about 2 to 19 days. The estrus is sometimes called the mating/breeding phase due to the cat’s behavioral changes. These changes are associated with your cat’s desire to participate in sexual activity with other cats. Some of these behavioral changes include:

  • Excessive and loud howling, yowling, and meowing.

  • Ecstatic and overly energetic movements.

  • Assuming a sexual position.

  • Increased affection toward owners.

  • Frequent urination.

  • Increased agitation and pacing.

4. Diestrus or Interestrus

These are the two possible stages following the estrous phase. With this, comes two possibilities that would translate into each respective stage. These possibilities are:

  • If your cat does not mate or ovulate, she will undergo the interetrus phase. This phase in a cat’s period lasts for about 2 to 3 weeks and the changes from the estrus phase will soon decrease and dissipate. The cycle starts once again after this phase. 

  • If your cat does mate and ovulate, she will undergo the diestrus phase, which signals the end of the cat’s period. The fertilized eggs will develop into embryos in the uterus. The pregnancy stage lasts for around 63 days.

When Do Cats Get Periods?

When Do Cats Get Periods?

A kitten will first experience its first heat cycle after 4 to 6 months of age. Cats are polyoestrous. This means they get in their period heat cycles multiple times during the breeding season, usually every two to three weeks. The frequency of their heat cycles interestingly depends on their geography. Some cats have heat cycles all year round due to the warmer climate surrounding the region and also due to the abundance of daylight hours. Others, especially those in the Northern Hemisphere, have their cycles right from January until late fall.

What To Do When Your Cat Gets Her Period

What To Do When Your Cat Gets Her Period

A cat’s heat cycle is a significant part of her and your life. It’s a period of increased behavioral changes that are sure to be noticed even from the slightest changes. At this time, it’s important to tend to your cat as she can be very affectionate and needy. Your cat might also be in distress and only you can help her get through her cycle. To help your cat get through this painful period, here are some of the ways you can do to help:

1. Provide Comfort

Providing comfort in this stressful time is always a good way to go. Your cat needs comfort now more than ever due to the stressful changes from her period. Start by giving your cat comfortable pillows and bedding. Also, clean her litter box. The physical comfort is a surefire way to get your cat as comfortable as possible. 

In addition to keeping a comfortable physical situation, make sure that your cat’s environment is calm, quiet, and serene. Any loud noises will surely make her stress even more. A good ambient environment will go a long way in keeping your cat comfortable during her period.

2. Help Her Eat

Cats don’t feel like eating during their period. This can be detrimental to their health which is an already concerning issue given all the other changes present during their period. Preparing a nutrient-sufficient meal for them should be at the top of your list. As they may lose their appetite, you may try positioning her bowl strategically to avoid the noise. Helping her eat starts by creating an environment that helps her feel comfortable to eat. After this, try sneaking some treats into her bowl and make sure it is nice and warm. Cats mostly prefer warm and fresh food over cold ones. 

3. Keep Her Indoors

The indoor environment provides an easier way to give your cat safety and security. Through square walls and locked doors, your cat during her period will feel safe and you can let her avoid all the noise, dangers, and horrors of the outdoor environment. Any stressors such as loose dogs, screeching cars, and dangerous parasites will be avoided almost instantaneously once you keep her indoors. 

Since cats with periods become super energetic and affectionate, it’s advisable to keep them indoors, especially when you are not ready for some cute kittens. Cats tend to go around and find a way to escape and fulfill their own needs. Creating a secure perimeter is the way to go.

4. Provide Distractions

Distractions allow your cat to keep her mind off the pain and stress. During her period, it will become unbearably noticeable how her attitude and behavior change. She will become more affectionate, and energetic, while the presence of other unusual behaviors will start to manifest. Caring for your cat by providing affection and attention is a good way for you to entertain her. This keeps her mind of the stress and the desire to engage in any sexual activity.

5. Ask the Experts

Veterinarians are the experts and specialists who know the perfect things to do whenever your cat gets her period. Asking the professionals gives you the right mindset and know-how in order to provide the best care for your cat during her time of need. Nothing screams love more than asking for advice on how to provide it.

Veterinarians provide information on what your cat should eat during its pregnancy, as well as advice on how to care for it in your home. The advice goes a long way in helping you create a more comfortable situation for your cat in labor. In addition to this, vets will carry out important medications and procedures if needed.

6. Use Pheromone Sprays

Pheromones are the chemicals the cats use to give signals to communicate with each other. These pheromones translate to a variety of meanings depending on what these cats want to portray. Cats use pheromones to create a bond, attract mates, mark territories, and also signal emotions. These chemicals are important in how these cats interact with their surroundings and are essential to how they live.

Pheromones can also be synthetically produced to create products that aid our cats in their struggles. These are easy to use and depend on the status of your cat’s needs and lifestyle. These are the three common types of pheromone products available for cat owners:

  • Diffusers

Diffusers work just like normal oil diffusers, except they diffuse pheromones around the room where your cat is. This helps them handle all the changes during a cat’s period by exhibiting pheromones that help reduce their stress.

  • Calming Sprays

These are hand-held sprays that allow owners to use them while outside their homes. This is most especially useful in situations concerning travel since it can be easily sprayed onto a car seat whenever cats urinate.

  • Collars

Collars act like disposable pheromone items that can be worn by cats. This is useful for any outdoor activity since the collar provides relief. Cats with periods can get really stressed.


A cat’s period is a big part of their lives. While this heat cycle occurs almost always, it’s important to note that this part of their lives is just one of our responsibilities as owners of these beloved creatures. We must understand that the period of cats is in their nature and our job is to be there for them to support them at every step of the way. Learning how to take care of them shows our love and patience for our cats. 

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because they’re family.

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© 2024 Noble Veterinary Clinic | Website by ARENA

Unique care for your best friends,

because they’re family.

Pay Now

© 2024 Noble Veterinary Clinic | Website by ARENA

Unique care for your best friends,

because they’re family.

Pay Now

Website by ARENA

© 2024 Noble Veterinary Clinic