What Do Rabbits Eat? A Rabbit Lover’s Guide

What Do Rabbits Eat? A Rabbit Lover’s Guide

Mar 15, 2024

What Do Rabbits Eat?
What Do Rabbits Eat?

Rabbits are our cute, furry friends who are just these adorable little guys hopping around with their bushy tails. These energetic creatures have become increasingly popular with people looking to get a pet for their family due to the rabbit’s calm and charming nature. Rabbits are known to be super social and clingy. They thrive with human interaction and they can’t stand living without it. With this, it’s important to understand how to take care of a rabbit. It’s important to let these guys feel like they’re a part of the family, and managing what rabbits eat is a great start.

What Do Rabbits Eat

Rabbits, being herbivores, primarily consume plants which include vegetables and fruits. Their main diet mainly consists of hay, grass, and fresh vegetables. They can eat most green and leafy vegetables especially when these are soft and easy to chew. Unlike the famous myth of their love for carrots, a rabbit’s diet does not typically revolve around eating these all day. Although they can eat a wide variety of vegetables and fruits, it is important to choose the best food for your rabbit as well as the recommended amount for each.


A rabbit’s diet is highly dependent on hay due to the high amounts of fiber it gives to our furry friends. Fiber is an important part of a rabbit’s nutrition mainly because it helps them in digestion and prevents gastrointestinal issues. For starting rabbit owners, supplying your rabbits with a fresh supply of hay every single day is already a big step in taking care of them through their diet. But take note of the different types of hay for the different stages in its life. 

  • Timothy Hay

When talking about consistency and the gold standard for hay, this is it. Timothy hay has high levels of fiber and a good all-around taste. This also provides a good amount of protein and calcium for your rabbit. While it is suitable for rabbits at any stage in life, it is mostly used for adult rabbits.

  • Alfalfa Hay

Alfalfa hay is somewhat like a treat for our rabbit friends. This type of hay provides one of the highest amounts of nutrition due to its higher levels of protein and calcium. This hay is usually more suitable for rabbits that need extra nutrition such as young rabbits and nursing mothers. 

  • Organic Grass Hay

This type of hay is another alternative to timothy hay. It has a good amount of fiber, protein, and calcium while also being softer and a bit sweeter when compared to other types of hay. 

When looking for the best type of hay for your rabbit, it is important to consult your local veterinarian. Experts have the right answers regarding the nutritional needs of your rabbit. While the types of hay above are the standard for feeding your rabbit, some experts resort to a combination of different types of hay to get the best out of each of these worlds.


Vegetables are another great option to provide your pet with natural and healthy food. These provide the much-needed minerals and vitamins that help your rabbits grow. However, these are only to be given in much smaller quantities since a rabbit’s diet should mostly consist of hay. But vegetables are, without a doubt, a much-needed component for a well-balanced diet for our rabbits. It just comes down to knowing the right vegetables to give.

  • Daily Greens

Bok choy, cilantro, carrot tops, and watercress are among the vegetables that are recommended to be given daily. Typically, you would want to give around a cup of vegetables. This is enough to fulfill the daily nutrition requirements of rabbits.

  • Occasional Greens

These vegetables are only to be given a few times per week. An excess of these would lead to complications in their diet and nutrition. These are broccoli, parsley, and carrots. Contrary to popular belief, carrots are actually unhealthy for rabbits if eaten excessively due to the high amounts of sugar in them.


Fruits are mostly an occasional treat with rabbits. Due to the high sugar content of fruits, they are among the least recommended foods for rabbits. But it is also good to give your rabbits fruits in appropriate amounts and frequencies. Among the acceptable fruits are bananas, grapes, and apples, given that these have no seeds in them. 

What Food Should Rabbits Avoid

With all the healthy food ready for rabbits, not everything goes well with their diet and bodies. Choosing the right ones is essential for improving their overall health and nutrition but knowing which foods to avoid helps tremendously in preventing any potential complications. A rabbit already has a sensitive digestive system and improper nutrition could only make it worse. 

Harmful Vegetables and Nuts

These vegetables bring more harm than good to your rabbits. Instead of helping in their digestion and overall nutrition, these foods give way more complications that could lead to your rabbit experiencing stress. 

  • Iceberg Lettuce

Iceberg lettuce is one of the few green and leafy vegetables you wouldn’t want your rabbit to consume. Along with its minimal nutritional value for rabbits, it also contains a chemical called lactucarium. This chemical can directly impact your rabbit’s nervous system by acting like a sedative and interfering with its gut.

  • Potato and Corn

These foods have high amounts of carbohydrates that seriously damage your rabbit’s gut. Rabbits tend to be at a higher risk of digestive illnesses and problems whenever they consume too much carbohydrates. 

  • Onions and Garlic

Onions and garlic are some of the most toxic foods for a rabbit. These foods exhibit an ability to cause oxidative damage to rabbits because of the oxidants present. The aftermath involves excessive red blood cell destruction in a condition called hemolytic anemia.

  • Nuts

Because of the high fat content in nuts, they are generally unhealthy and useless for a rabbit’s diet. Most of the offerings of nuts tend to cause difficulties in digestion. Peanuts, in particular, contain more fat than fiber which interferes with the digestive process of rabbits. 

Processed Foods

Unnatural foods can negatively impact your rabbit’s health. Simple processed goods such as rabbit treats, bread, crackers, and pasta hold little to no nutritional value for rabbits. Along with the high-sugar content of some of these well-known processed products, eating these foods just leads rabbits to become bloated and overweight. Consumption can lead to problems such as discomfort, obesity, and disruption in digestion.

Chocolate is by far one of, if not, the deadliest processed food for rabbits. This treat may seem harmless for us humans but is incredibly unsafe for rabbits. Chocolate has two particular components that are harmful to rabbits: theobromine and caffeine. Consumption of chocolate requires urgent care and treatment due to the high level of toxicity it brings to rabbits. 

How To Feed A Rabbit

How To Feed A Rabbit

Be sure to keep a close eye on your rabbit while it feeds. While guidelines are always available online, they don’t cover all the potential scenarios. Feeding your rabbit is a personal process that allows you to understand it better. Here are a few tips:

  1. Always Provide Water

Water is one of the most important things for a rabbit’s diet. It helps tremendously in allowing your rabbit to digest food and absorb its nutrients. Considering the sensitivity of its digestive organs and the amount of dry food it is eating, water is essential for maintaining functional bodily functions.

  1. Slowly Introduce New Food

When giving out new and unfamiliar food to your rabbit, it is recommended to gradually give it instead of just placing it out there. Rabbits need time to adjust their digestive systems to the food and by slowly feeding it to them, you are able to control the pace in which they eat.

  1. Observe Eating Habits

Rabbits lose appetite due to complications in their digestive system or through stress from the environment. They usually have a consistent eating pattern which is why any sudden changes could translate to an underlying condition. As a result, it is important to closely monitor your rabbit and observe its eating patterns. 

  1. Consult Your Veterinarian

Regular visits to your local veterinarian can improve the quality of life for your rabbit. Vets specialize in studying rabbits and making recommendations to improve their eating patterns and nutrition. They can suggest the type and amount of food suitable for your rabbit’s continued development. By following what the rabbit experts recommend, you can be sure that your rabbit is getting the nutrition it needs. Nothing helps them grow into adorable bunnies more than a good diet!


Knowing what to feed your rabbit is crucial for ensuring its safety and nutrition. While they can eat a wide variety of food items, they also have restrictions in their diet due to the sensitivity of their digestive systems. This is why having a rabbit is such a great responsibility. Creating a balanced diet for your rabbit goes a long way letting it thrive. 

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because they’re family.

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© 2024 Noble Veterinary Clinic | Website by ARENA

Unique care for your best friends,

because they’re family.

Pay Now

© 2024 Noble Veterinary Clinic | Website by ARENA

Unique care for your best friends,

because they’re family.

Pay Now

Website by ARENA

© 2024 Noble Veterinary Clinic